Literally 'child of the clan'. It traditionally denoted only elite or long-standing members of a village or community with responsibility for shrine affairs but in the Meiji period following the disestablishment of the Buddhist temple registration system (tera-uke) ujiko status was extended to every local resident for shrine-registration (ujiko-shirabe) purposes. It remained equivalent to 'parishioner' for administrative purposes until the disestablishment of Shinto in 1945. It is also used by national or regional shrines to refer to pilgrims and other devotees. See Ujigami, Ubusuna.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Ujiko-shirabe —    Shrine registration, lit. checking of ujiko . Instituted with limited success early in the Meiji era to replace the Buddhist tera uke system. One became an ujiko by receiving at birth a talisman from a local shrine, to be returned at death.… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Ujiko-kai —    The association of ujiko of a shrine. Its members contribute to the upkeep of the shrine and elect representatives to manage or advise on shrine affairs …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Ujiko sodai —    Parishioner representatives; members of the local community who took special responsibility for the upkeep or management of a shrine and represented parishioners from whom they collected donations for the upkeep of the shrine and its festivals …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Ubuko —    = Ujiko. Parishioner (literally child ) of the ubusuna …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Sukei-kai —    or sukeisha kai. Worshippers Associations . In present usage, committees formed since 1945 to support local shrines following the dissolution by SCAP of the official ujiko sodai (ujiko representatives) system which relied on local government… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Naoki Urasawa — Type Seinen 浦沢 直樹 Nationalité Japonaise Date 2 janvier 1960 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ujigami —    The kami of an uji, clan , community . In practice more or less interchangeable with ubusuna, the kami of one s birthplace, though ujigami carries mainly the sense of ancestor or parent kami. The ujigami is the protective or tutelary deity of… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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  • Shinto — Shintoist, n., adj. /shin toh/, n. 1. Also, Shintoism. the native religion of Japan, primarily a system of nature and ancestor worship. adj. 2. Also, Shintoistic. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Shinto. [ < Japn shinto, earlier shintau …   Universalium

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