Suiga shinto

Suiga shinto
   Or suika shinto. 'Conferment of benefits Shinto' or 'Descent of divine blessing Shinto'. A Neo-Confucian, anti-Buddhist school of thought and Shinto lineage founded by Yamazaki, Ansai (1616—1682). Suiga shinto combined two main influences. First were the teachings of Chu Hsi (Shushi) as interpreted by Fujiwara, Seiki (1561—1619) and Hayashi, Razan (1583—1657) which gave the ruler-subject relationship precedence over father-son filial piety. Yamazaki identified the ruler as the emperor and emphasised the divinity of the land of Japan, thereby adapting Confucianism to serve Japanese social and political values in the Tokugawa period. Second, in later life Yamazaki was drawn to religious devotion to the kami, particularly Amaterasu worshipped under the name of Ohirumemuchi, from whom flowed all divine blessings (suiga). Special emphasis was given to the Nihongi as a source of authority and the principle of tsutsushimi, scrupulous propriety in the execution of service to kami or superiors. Yamazaki's complex system of metaphysical thought tried to assimilate Chinese cosmology with Japanese mythology, sacralising the structure of Tokugawa society. His own summary of his teachings was 'devotion within, righteousness without'. Followers regarded Yamazaki as a kami. As a form of Shinto, suiga shinto was distinctive for its attempt to combine reverence for the Japanese emperor with veneration of the kami. It is therefore one of the sources for kokugaku and fukko shinto, though Motoori, Norinaga rejected Yamazaki's thought as being too close to Neo-Confucianism.
   See Shinto.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Shinto —    A Sino Japanese term meaning simply gods or spirits (shin/kami) or the way, conduct, power or deeds of the kami. In China the term shen tao written with the same characters as Shinto referred to spirits and spirit worship, especially non… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto Gobusho —     The Five Shinto Scriptures . The name given in the late seventeenth century by Deguchi, Nobuyoshi to a collection of thirteenth century texts of Watarai (or Ise) shinto. Five scriptures purporting to be ancient secret works restricted to… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Suika shinto —    = suiga shinto …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Yamazaki, Ansai — (1618 1682)    An eminent scholar of the early Tokugawa period who studied Tendai and Rinzai Zen Buddhism before rejecting Buddhism and turning to shushi Confucianism and then Shinto, in which he was instructed by Watarai, Nobuyoshi. He left the… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Saruda-hiko —    Or saruta hiko. A deity with a high divine form, as for example revered by Yamazaki, Ansai in Suiga Shinto. He is believed to have guided the first emperor Ninigi, grandson of Amaterasu. He is much more popularly represented in festival… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Tsutsushimi —    An attitude of discreet, scrupulous and circumspect propriety, to be adopted especially when serving superiors including the kami. It was prescribed by Yoshikawa, Koretari, and by his disciple Yamazaki, Ansai in the teachings of what came to… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Masuho, Zanko — (1655 1742)    A remarkable Shinto populariser who used soapbox techniques and vulgar anecdotes to instil an appreciation of Shinto and the superiority of the Japanese way in his large audiences. Also known as Masuho, Nokoguchi, he was probably… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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